• Research/Scholar Paper name – Human Rights: Myth for Some Community
  • Author: Shubham Srivastava
  • Institution: LLM, Rashtriya Raksha University
  • Affiliation: Centre for Study of Contemporary Legal Issues
  • Date of Publication: 11/09/2022

Abstract:

Human rights are a broad idea and definition that is much more difficult to explain, except that it is impossible to deny their existence, which is the most striking element of this notion.

A person can be from different parts of the world. He could be from a different caste, creed, or skin tone; his mental level could be different; his lifestyle could be modern or ancient but all these persons are born with inherent rights called human rights.[1]

Human rights cannot be taken away or granted by any authority, and these rights can never be compromised, even if the person is a lawbreaker. The term “rights” connotes “lawful entitlements,” while it can also mean “fair entitlements.” “Humans Right” is correct since everyone has virtues that are highly human. Whether or not such rights are recognised, all human beings are entitled to their Human Rights. These rights are provided and guaranteed to all human beings just for being human, and they are not subject to any qualifications. The state has been tasked with ensuring and protecting these rights in accordance with the laws in place.

Human rights can be seen as a type of power ethics that avoids oppression and suffering. People’s interest in their rights was not always the same as what we witness today. The concept of human rights has been evolving through time. Several competing hypotheses and schools developed in different eras and under different circumstances. The origins of ‘ideas of rights’ have been fiercely disputed. Human rights, on the other hand, are universally acknowledged as essential rights that must be protected by every living person. Human rights allow everyone to live their lives to the fullest and with dignity, regardless of their age, ethnicity, nationality, gender, or other discriminatory factors. The right to life, liberty of thought, faith, and expression, freedom of movement, right to privacy, freedom of religion, right to vote, right to education, right to work, right to equal pay for equal work, right to travel abroad, right to start a family, right to dignity, right against inhumane, degrading treatment, right against arbitrary interference in family life, and right against illegal and arbitrary arrest and detention are just a few of the rights recognised in the UDHR.[2]

Individuals can use these rights to enhance not just their personalities, but their economic, social, cultural, spiritual, and political advancements as well. As evidence, claims and rights movements addressing the right to food, the right to water, the right to rationing, and the right to homosexuality have been created in recent times. Human rights have long played an essential role in emancipatory social and political movements, and it is claimed that the histories of the labour movement, civil rights, and LGBT rights all indicate the power of the language of rights.

Human rights are not exclusively a Western concept. In truth, every civilized civilization has recognized essential human rights such as the right to life, the right to worship, the freedom of movement, and the freedom of speech and expression. It was only the degree and form of recognition accorded to such rights that differed from one society to the next and from one period to the next, because conferring such rights was primarily dependent on the nature of the society, existing socioeconomic and political circumstances, and the will of the ruling governments.[3] A ‘right’ is commonly interpreted as an ‘entitlement’ granted to individuals that imposes an obligation on others, including the State and its apparatus, to respect it. Rights might even be thought of as a typical liberal response, requiring people to cherish rights for the freedom they provide to organise their own lives. Human beings are born with rights to which they are entitled. Human rights are universal in nature, thus they can be enjoyed by anybody who adheres to the principles of equality and non-discrimination based on nationality, religion, caste, gender, or any other criterion. States must not only protect their subjects’ civil liberties, but also ensure that all of its citizens have access to fundamental social amenities that allow them to live human lives in dignity.


Human Rights: Myth for Some Community

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