• Research/Scholar Paper name – India and Trade Facilitation Agreement
  • Author: Aditi Jajodia
  • Institution: LLM student from WB National University of Juridical Sciences
  • Affiliation: Centre for Study of Contemporary Legal Issues
  • Date of Publication: 30/10/2021


Trade facilitation, a much-needed development, gained momentum after the conclusion of the Uruguay Rounds of negotiation.  The Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) is a one-of-a-kind multilateral agreement negotiated at the Ninth Ministerial Conference, Bali, in 2013 and entered into force on February 22, 2017. The TFA finds its legal routes in the WTO rules as well as a couple of GATT provisions. India has been very vocal about its reservations regarding the public stockholding for food security, amongst other issues. The apprehension is very much visible in the acceptance of the Agreement in its entirety. Despite this, India has taken significant steps to implement some parts of the commitment and foster its ease of doing business initiative. For example, streamlining advance rulings under Customs Laws, introducing the Single Window Interface for Facilitating Trade, setting up the National Committee on Trade Facilitation and its Action Plan, etc.

The study is primarily concerned with India’s approach and reasoning concerning the implementation of the Agreement. Thus, the study aims to address the problem that comes with several approaches to implementing TFA commitments. This study further aims to bring into light how and to what extent India has held its end of the bargain.

India and Trade Facilitation Agreement

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