• Research/Scholar Paper name – India’s Mineral Infrastructure – A Critical Review on access to minerals in law and policy
  • Author:  M. Akshayaa
  • Institution: LLM, TERI School of Advanced Studies, Deemed University
  • Affiliation: Centre for Study of Contemporary Legal Issues & Centre for Environmental Awareness
  • Date of Publication: 16/05/2021


In a country like India, where there are abundant mineral resources, it is essential to have the necessary mineral infrastructure to enable feasible, responsible and sustainable mining. The importance of mining is such that minerals make life simple, easy and luxurious and it is unimaginable to go on with life without minerals. Mankind has always been and will be dependent on some kind of mineral in his day-to-day life. When minerals are on such a high pedestal for mankind, it is crucial to establish a requisite infrastructure that aid in mining and mining-related business activities. This is due to the fact that most mines are present in remote places and that an ore body cannot go to the place where infrastructure is constituted but must come to the place where the ore body is situated. The infrastructure which a mine requires can be categorised into three, namely, infrastructure for mine development, infrastructure connecting the mine or ore body and the end-user or production/manufacturing facility and social infrastructure. The paper’s central focus is to address concepts such as mine development, linking infrastructure, social infrastructure and how these concepts have been provided by mining laws in India. It evaluates the adequacy of infrastructural facilities in the mining industry and provides implications of inadequate mineral infrastructure in the country. The paper also addresses the interplay of the mining sector and the infrastructure sector. It analyses how access to minerals is governed by the law in India and how and where the power comes from. The paper takes a balancing view between business needs and environmental and health concerns. The paper also analyses the government’s plan and policy provides a critical review of the same in detail.

This Paper is the copyrighted property of CALR Institute. Distribution of the same without prior permission will result in a civil suit against the individual, people or organization responsible for the same.

India’s Mineral Infrastructure – A Critical Review on access to minerals in law and policy

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