• Research/Scholar Paper name – One Nation, One Election
  • Author: Aishwarya Singh
  • Institution: Ph.D. Research Scholar at Banasthali University
  • Affiliation: Centre for Study of Contemporary Legal Issues
  • Date of Publication: 04/08/2022

Abstract:

The debate on this topic was followed by a national debate on “one country, one choice.” This concept means that Lok Sabha and all state legislatures are elected simultaneously, with voters appearing to vote once. One of the main proponents of this concept is the Prime Minister “Shri Narendra Modi” himself, whose ideas have been endorsed by the current “President Shri Ram Nath Kovind” and the former “President Pranab Mukherjee “. The idea may seem new, but India has historically followed “one country, one choice”, and the 1952, 1957, 1962, and 1967 elections were based solely on this concept.

Some of them disagree with the concept, claiming that it is unconstitutional and that the constitution is the highest in India, so unconstitutional ones cannot be followed in India. The Constitution does not clearly state whether it is possible to take a “one country, one choice” policy reliably and realistically. However, the 2019 Lok Sabha and state legislature simultaneous elections may violate some provisions of the Constitution. Article 83 (2) deals with Lok Sabha’s term and states that the term will last for five years unless terminated early. Similarly, Article 172 states that the term of office of the Legislature is five years unless it is dissolved early.

However, for some reason, the Diet can only be dissolved under Article 356 of the Constitution, and it would be unconstitutional to dissolve Parliament for simultaneous elections. Since India is a federal country with a strong central government, some leaders also resisted, claiming that “one-country-one-election” was a violation of the federal structure. The problem lies in the confusion between the legal and political aspects.

A constitutional amendment is needed to hold an election, which requires the support of both houses. Without amendments, it would not be possible to dissolve the state governments of all federal states and hold elections at the same time. BJP supports this idea of ​​”one country, one choice”. We believe that it will help the BJP to have a strong government nationwide. Most polls show that people support Prime Minister Modi, but are dissatisfied with each. The BJP is likely to come into power. Other parties like Parliament do not yet have a strong face as a central leader, and “one country, one choice” may see it lost even in the states in which it is in power.

However, This Research Paper is based on the true concept of the “One Nation, One Election” and the provisions related to amendment procedure, the argument in favor of this particular concept, and the advantages and disadvantages of this concept explained in this research paper.

One Nation, One Election

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