• Research/Scholar Paper name – Reflections on Women-Centric Provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code
  • Author: Aditya Dalal
  • Co-Author: Diya Vaishnav
  • Institution: Gujarat National Law University, India
  • Affiliation: Centre for Study of Contemporary Legal Issues
  • Date of Publication: 28/09/2021


Oppression of women prevails in every country, which cuts through class, culture, education, and age. However, India has long been a patriarchal society, with pervasive unfair discrimination against women. Domestic violence, lack of protection after divorce, dowry death, and harassment by law enforcement agencies have all issues for Indian women since time immemorial. As a result, several laws have been enacted to alleviate this suffering, including procedural laws such as the Criminal Procedure Code, which include provisions aimed specifically at women. Some significant women-centric provisions include compulsory medical examination by females and arrest by women police officers after sunrise and before sunset. Adequate safeguards have been given to victims of heinous crimes such as rape and acid attacks. This paper aims to provide an overview of the Code’s women-centric provisions relating to Arrest, Investigation, Trial, Punishment, Dowry Deaths, and Maintenance, as well as related legislation, bearing the same objectives which are to protect the inviolable rights of female victims as well as accused. Lastly, the authors express their reflections on these provisions and discuss whether they achieve their goals in reality or are mere laws on paper with no implementation.

Reflections on Women-Centric Provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code

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